MongoDB vs MySQL: What is the difference?

  • MongoDB stores data as JSON documents, whereas MySQL stores data as tables and rows.
  • You do not need to define the schema in MongoDB, whereas you must define your tables and columns in MySQL.
  • MongoDB does not support JOIN operations, whereas MySQL does.
  • MongoDB’s query language is JavaScript. On the other hand, MySQL’s query language is Structured Query Language (SQL).
  • If you have unstructured and/or structured data with the potential for rapid growth, MongoDB is an excellent choice, whereas MYSQL is an excellent choice if you have structured data and require a traditional relational database.
  • If the majority of your services are cloud-based, MongoDB is the best option for you; however, if data security is a priority, MYSQL is the best option for you.

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